From Europe to Mid-America

Jacob Kraushaar / Croushorn

Jacob Kraushaar / Croushorn

Male Abt 1771 - Bef 1827  (~ 56 years)

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  • Name Jacob Kraushaar / Croushorn  [1
    Born Abt 1771  Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    AFN 207P-00N 
    Died Bef May 1827 
    Person ID I4636  SnoufferCampbell
    Last Modified 2 Jun 2010 

    Family Elizabeth Bauss,   b. Abt 1775, Rockingham Cnty, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 10 Aug 1790  Lancaster, PA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Children 
     1. Susannah Croushorn,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Henry Croushorn,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. Elias Croushorn,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Elizabeth ("Betsy") Croushorn,   b. 1797,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Jacob Croushorn, Jr,   b. 1799,   d. Yes, date unknown
     6. George Croushorn,   b. 12 Oct 1798, Rockingham Cnty, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1845, Westmoreland Cnty, PA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)
     7. Sally Croushorn,   b. 1800,   d. Yes, date unknown
     8. Adam Croushorn,   b. 1810,   d. Yes, date unknown
     9. Nicholas Croushorn,   b. 16 Feb 1814, Rockingham Cnty, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Mar 1886, Augusta Cnty, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)
     10. John Croushorn,   b. Abt 1816, Rockingham Cnty, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 5 Dec 2009 
    Family ID F1667  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • R.B. Strassburger & W.J. Hinkle, vol. 3, «i»PENNSYLVANIA GERMAN PIONEERS«/i», List 328, p. 8 (1934), reprint a "List of German Passengers on Board the Ship Favourite, Captain Nicolaus Valans" which docked in Philadelphia 5 Sep 1785. "Jacob Kraushaar" was one of the passengers.

      Jacob lived in Pennsylvania for a few years, and he married there. The record of his marriage reads: "Jacob Kraushaar m. Elizabeth Bauss, of Cocalico, on August 10, 1790" in the First Reformed [Lutheran] Church in Lancaster. «i»See«/i»: F. Edward Wright, «i»LANCASTER COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA, CHURCH RECORDS OF THE 18TH CENTURY«/i», vol. 2, p. 186 (Colonial Roots Co., Lewes, Del.; 1994).

      Wayne Allgaier wrote (14 July 2001): "Jacob Croushorn was born in Germany...and came to America in 1785, settling in Pendleton Co., VA (now WVa), where he raised his family...."

      Oren F. Morton wrote biographical sketches of many Pendleton County pioneers, but had very little to say about Jacob Croushorn. In his «i»HISTORY OF PENDLETON COUNTY, WEST VIRGINIA«/i», p. 167 (Franklin, W.Va.; 1910; reprinted 1974), he states only: "Croushorn -- German? -- [arrived] before 1799 -- [settled near] Waggy place near Sugar Grove." As for Mr. Waggy, he states: "Waggy -- German -- [previously resided in] Va. -- [arrived about] 1796 -- [settled near] South Branch, 8 miles above Franklin." («i»Ibid«/i», p. 172) Later («i»Ibid«/i», pp. 312-313), he provides some genealogical information about the Waggy family.

      Jacob served as a militiaman for a period of time. He was listed as a member of "Capt. [James] Patterson's Company" of the Pendleton Militia. O.F. Morton, "Muster Rolls of Pendleton Militia, Sept. 6, 1794," «i»HISTORY «/i»(«i»Ibid«/i», pp. 396, 401). Morton further reported («i»Ibid«/i», p. 402): "In 1794 an army of 15,000 men, under the command of Governor Henry Lee of Virginia, was sent to put down the Whiskey Insurrection in Pennsylvania. Pendleton furnished at least one company, and it was commanded by Captain James Patterson." It is not known for sure whether Jacob served as a militiaman during that campaign.

      Jacob became a United State citizen. See, «i»1809-1831 [VA] Common Law Order Book«/i», p. 68, which states:
      "Jacob Croushorn, farmer, a native of Germany this day proved to the satisfaction of the court that he has lived within the limits and under the jurisdiction of the United States from the year one thousand seven hundred and eighty five and has continued to reside within the same. He also proved by the oath of William McCoy that he has resided in the county Pendleton and commonwealth of Virginia since about the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety -- and it further appearing to the court that during that time he has behaved as a man of good moral character, attached to the principals [sic] of the constitution of the United States, and well disposed to the good order and happenings of the same, and having taken the oath in such cases made and provided by the act of congress is admitted a citizen of the United States. Bond book, 20 June 1831, Jacob Croushorn, 2 Dyer."

      Clarence Mulkin reported in 1978 that on "March 28, 1814 Abraham [Waggy] sold half of a tract of 229 acres to Jacob Croushorn. On June 18, 1816 another 114 acres were sold by Abraham and his wife Mary to Jacob Croushorn. Members of the Croushorn family have lived continuously on the land since -- seven generations. Isaac Waggy married [Jacob's daughter] Elizabeth Croushorn in 1813.... Jacob Croushorn and the Waggy brothers had a lot of dealings with each other. In fact they were not far apart in age and appear to have become close friends. Pendleton County, W.Va. records show that Jacob Croushorn came from Germany on the Rhine River in 1785...." «i»See «/i»"The Land of Philip Waggy, Sr. -- Report on Findings Resulting from Visit There, September 14, 15, 1978," by Clarence Mulkin, 35 Westwood Rd., Columbus, OH.

      Mulkin reported further that after Abraham Waggy died in 1821, Jacob was his executor, and that he granted land to Abraham's heirs in exchange for $500. The land granted was land that Jacob had obtained by deed of 2 March 1820 from George and Barbara Rexrode. Mulkin cites a deed dated 22 Oct, 1821, found in Pendleton Cnty, W.Va. Deed Book, vol. 10, p. 168.

      "Jacob Crousehorn" [sic] is listed as a grantee of 22 acres near "South Branch" in Pendleton Cnty in 1819. See, «i»SIMS INDEX TO LAND GRANTS IN WEST VIRGINIA«/i», p. 594 (State of W.Va. 1952; 1992 reprint), referring apparently to deed "Book 5, p. 121." According to O.F. Morton's «i»HISTORY «/i»(«i»supra«/i»; p. 4): "The South Branch of the Potomac rises at Hightown in Highland at the altitude of 3000 feet, flows eight miles to the Pendleton line, and courses 36 1/2 miles within the county. *** The Indians called the South Branch the Wappatomika, meaning 'River of the Wild Geese.' "

      As for Jacob's death date, his will was "presented in court" on 2 May 1827. «i»Pendleton Co., West Virginia, Wills, vol. 201 (1801-1858)«/i», [LDS Film # 818551]. In the will he names his children in this order: George, Jacob, Sally, Susannah, Betsy [Elizabeth], Henry, Elias, Adam, Nicholas, and John.

  • Sources 
    1. [S58] LDS Ancestral File|, "Ancestral File" , (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, UT).

    2. [S283] Allgaier, Glen|, Glen Allgaier, "Croushorn Descendants Chart" (unpublished; printed Apr. 2001), and Emails & letters, (Glen Allgaier, 2455 Buckingham Pl, Brookfield, WI 53045; moroni4u@yahoo.com).